A comprehensive source of information on the Canadian mineral industry is the Canadian Mineral Yearbook. The 1993 edition of this publication contains a chapter on \"Asbestos\", which provides an overview of the production, consumption, trade, and outlook of this mineral in Canada. The chapter was written by the Mineral Policy Sector of the Energy, Mines and Resources Canada (EMR Canada), a federal department responsible for developing and implementing policies and programs related to Canada's natural resources. Another relevant publication is Workplace Safety and Health: The Role of Workers' Compensation, authored by J.R. Chelius in 1977. This book examines the effects of workers' compensation systems on the prevention and compensation of occupational injuries and diseases, with a focus on the United States. The book was published by the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI), a think tank that conducts research and analysis on economic, social, and political issues.
Asbestos is a term that refers to a group of naturally occurring fibrous minerals that have high tensile strength, resistance to heat and chemicals, and ability to be woven into fabrics. Asbestos has been widely used in various industries and products, such as construction, insulation, fireproofing, automotive, and shipbuilding. However, asbestos also poses serious health risks to humans and animals, as exposure to its fibers can cause lung cancer, mesothelioma, asbestosis, and other diseases. Asbestos is classified as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization (WHO) and many countries have banned or restricted its use.
In Canada, asbestos was once a major export commodity and a source of employment for many workers. According to the Canadian Mineral Yearbook (1993), Canada produced 1.1 million tonnes of asbestos in 1992, accounting for 17% of the world production. The main producing provinces were Quebec and Newfoundland. The majority of the Canadian asbestos was exported to developing countries, especially in Asia and Latin America, where the demand for cheap and durable building materials was high. However, the Canadian asbestos industry faced increasing challenges in the 1990s due to the growing awareness of the health hazards of asbestos, the decline in world prices, and the emergence of alternative products.
One of the key issues related to asbestos is the protection of workers who are exposed to it in their occupations. Workplace safety and health is influenced by various factors, such as regulations, enforcement, incentives, education, and compensation. Workers' compensation is a system that provides benefits to workers who suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses, such as medical care, income replacement, rehabilitation, and survivor benefits. Workers' compensation also serves as a form of social insurance that spreads the costs of occupational hazards among employers, workers, and society. In Workplace Safety and Health: The Role of Workers' Compensation (1977), J.R. Chelius analyzes how different workers' compensation schemes affect the behavior and outcomes of employers and workers in terms of preventing and compensating occupational harms. 0efd9a6b88